viernes, 1 de enero de 2016

Katherine Mansfield



Katherine Mansfield / Por qué el amor es ciego
Katherine Mansfield / Malade

A sutileza dos contos de Katherine Mansfield perdura até hoje


Katherine Mansfield / Familia feliz
Katherine Mansfield / Ha muerto un hombre
Katherine Mansfield / La mosca en la tinta
Katherine Mansfield / Madre

Katherine Mansfield / La scrittrice che ingannò il destino
Tutti i Racconti di Katherine Mansfield / Katherine e le altre
Katherine Mansfield / La lettura
Katherine Mansfield / Una regola nella vita
Katherine Mansfield / Bella

Katherine Mansfield

Katherine Mansfield

(1888 - 1923)

Writer Katherine Mansfield is best known for creating the story collections Bliss and The Garden 

Short Biography

Katherine Mansfield was born on October 14, 1888, in Wellington, New Zealand. After moving to England at age 19, Mansfield secured her reputation as a writer with the story collection Bliss (1920). She reached the height of her powers with her 1922 collection The Garden Party. Her last five years were shadowed by tuberculosis; she died from the disease on January 9, 1923, at the age of 34.

Kathleen Mansfield Beauchamp Murry was a prominent modernist writer of short fiction who was born and brought up in colonial New Zealand and wrote under the pen name of Katherine Mansfield. Mansfield left for Great Britain in 1908 where she encountered Modernist writers such as D.H. Lawrence and Virginia Woolf with whom she became close friends. Her stories often focus on moments of disruption and frequently open rather abruptly. Among her most well-known stories are "The Garden Party", "The Daughters of the Late Colonel" and "The Fly." During the First World War Mansfield contracted extrapulmonary tuberculosis, which rendered any return or visit to New Zealand impossible and led to her death at the age of 34. 

Mansfield was born Kathleen Mansfield Beauchamp, in 1888, into a socially prominent family in Wellington, New Zealand. The daughter of a banker and born to a middle-class colonial family, she was also a first cousin of author Countess Elizabeth von Arnim. Mansfield had two older sisters and a younger brother, born in 1894. Her father, Harold Beauchamp, went on to become the chairman of the Bank of New Zealand and was also knighted. The Mansfield family moved to Karori in 1893, where Mansfield would spend the happiest years of her childhood; she later used her memories of this time as an inspiration for the Prelude story. 

Her first published stories appeared in the High School Reporter and the Wellington Girls' High School magazine (the family returned to Wellington proper in 1898), in 1898 and 1899. She became enamoured with a cellist, Arnold Trowell (Mansfield herself was an accomplished cellist, having received lessons from Trowell's father), in 1902, although the feelings were largely unreciprocated. Mansfield wrote, in her journals, of feeling alienated to some extent in New Zealand, and, in general terms, of how she became disillusioned due to the repression of the Māori people—who were often portrayed in a sympathetic or positive light in her later stories, such as How Pearl Button Was Kidnapped. 

She moved to London in 1903, where she attended Queen's College, along with her two sisters. Mansfield recommenced playing the cello, an occupation that she believed, during her time at Queen's, she would take up professionally, but she also began contributing to the school newspaper, with such a dedication to it that she eventually became editor during this period. She was particularly interested in the works of the French Symbolists and Oscar Wilde, and she was appreciated amongst peers for her vivacious and charismatic approach to life and work. She met fellow writer Ida Baker (also known as Lesley Moore), a South African, at the college, and the pair became lifelong friends. Mansfield did not become involved in much political activity when she lived in London; for example, she did not actively support the suffragette movement in the UK (women in New Zealand had gained the right to vote in 1893).

Mansfield first began journeying into continental Europe from 1903–1906, mainly to Belgium and Germany. After finishing her schooling in England, Mansfield returned to her New Zealand home in 1906, only then beginning to write short stories. She had several works published in the Native Companion (Australia), which was her first paid writing work, and by this time she had her mind set on becoming a professional writer. It was also the first occasion on which she used the pseudonym 'K. Mansfield'. She rapidly wearied of the provincial New Zealand lifestyle, and of her family, during this time, and two years later headed again for London. Her father sent her an annual subsidy of £100 for the rest of her life. In later years, she would express both admiration and disdain for New Zealand in her journals, and she was never able to visit there again, partly due to her tuberculosis. 

Mansfield had two lesbian relationships during this period, notable for their pre-eminence in her journal entries. Mansfield biographer Angela Smith has said that this is evidence of her "transgressive impetus", although Mansfield continued to have male lovers, and attempted to repress her feelings at certain times. Her first relationship was with Maata Mahupuku, a half-Māori girl whom Mansfield had first met in Wellington, and then again in London. In June 1907 she wrote: "I want Maata—I want her as I have had her—terribly. This is unclean I know but true." The second relationship, with Edith Kathleen Bendall, took place from 1906 to 1908, and Mansfield also professed her adoration for her in her journals. 

Mansfield spent her last years seeking increasingly unorthodox cures for her tuberculosis. In February 1922, she consulted the Russian physician Ivan Manoukhin. His "revolutionary" treatment, which consisted of bombarding her spleen with X-rays, caused Mansfield to develop heat flashes and numbness in her legs. 

The Dictionary of National Biography reports that she now came to feel that her attitude to life had been unduly rebellious, and she sought, during the days that remained to her, to renew and compose her spiritual life. In October 1922, Mansfield moved to Georges Gurdjieff's Institute for the Harmonious Development of Man in Fontainebleau, France, where she was under the care of Olgivanna Lazovitch Hinzenburg (later, Mrs. Frank Lloyd Wright). Mansfield suffered a fatal pulmonary haemorrhage in January 1923, after running up a flight of stairs to show Murry how well she was. She died on January 9 and was buried in a cemetery in the Fontainebleau District in the town of Avon. 

Mansfield proved to be a prolific writer in the final years of her life, and much of her prose and poetry remained unpublished at her death. Murry took on the task of editing and publishing her works. 

His efforts resulted in two additional volumes of short stories in 1923 (The Dove's Nest) and in 1924 (Something Childish), the publication of her Poems, The Aloe, as well as a collection of critical writings (Novels and Novelists) and a number of editions of Mansfield's previously unpublished letters and journals.


“The pleasure of all reading is doubled when one lives with another who shares the same books.” 
Katherine Mansfield

“The mind I love must have wild places.” 
Katherine Mansfield

“You have never been curious about me; you never wanted to explore my soul.” 
Katherine Mansfield

“I'm a writer first and a woman after.” 
Katherine Mansfield

“Short stories can be like photographs, catching people at some moment in their lives and trapping the memory for ever . There they are, smiling or frowning, looking sad, happy, serious, surprised ... And behind those smiles and those frowns lie all the experience of life, the fears and delights, the hopes and the dreams” 
Katherine Mansfield

In a German Pension (1911)
by Katherine Mansfield

 Pre 1910
  • Silhouettes (1907)
  • Enna Blake
  • A Happy Christmas Eve
  • Die Einsame (The Lonely One)
  • About Pat
  • In a Cafe
  • The Education of Audrey
  • The Tiredness of Rosabell (1908)
  • The Child-Who-Was-Tired
  • Germans at Meat
  • The Baron
  • The Luftbad
  • At ‘Lehmann’s’
  • Frau Brechenmacher Attends a Wedding
  • The Sister of the Baroness
  • Frau Fischer
  • A Birthday
  • The Modern Soul
  • The Advanced Lady
  • The Swing of the Pendulum
  • A Blaze
  • The Journey to Bruges
  • Being a Truthful Adventure
  • The Festival of the Coronation (with Apologies to Theocritus)
  • Two Parodies: Arnold Bennett and H. G. Wells
  • Green Goggles
  • The Woman at the Store
  • How Pearl Button was kidnapped
  • The Little Girl
  • New Dresses
  • Old Cockatoo Curl
  • Ole Underwood
  • Millie
  • Epilogue I: Pension Seguin
  • Epilogue II: Violet
  • Epilogue III: Bains Turc
  • Something Childish But Very Natural
  • The Little Governess
  • Spring Pictures
  • An Indiscreet Journey
  • The Wind Blows
  • Stay-laces
  • The Lost Battle (fragment of Geneva)
  • Two Tuppenny Ones Please
  • Late at Night
  • The Black Cap
  • In Confidence
  • A Pic-Nic
  • Prelude
  • Mr Reginald Peacock’s Day
  • Feuille d’Album
  • A Dill Pickle
  • Je ne parle pas Francias
  • Sun and Moon
  • Bliss
  • Carnation 
  • A Suburban Fairy Tale
  • See-Saw
  • Psychology
  • Pictures
  • This Flower
  • The Man Without a Temperament
  • The Wrong House
  • Revelations
  • The Escape
  • Bank Holiday
  • The Young Girl
  • The Singing Lesson
  • The Stranger
  • Miss Brill
  • Poison
  • The Lady’s Maid
  • The Daughters of the Late Colonel
  • Life of Ma Parker
  • Sixpence
  • Mr and mrs Dove
  • An Ideal Family
  • Her First Ball
  • Marriage a la Mode
  • At the Bay
  • The Voyage
  • A Married Man’s Story
  • The Garden Party
  • The Doll’s House
  • Six Years After
  • Weak Heart
  • The Doves’ Nest
  • Taking The Veil
  • The Fly
  • Honeymoon
  • The Canary


  • In a German Pension (1911)
  • Bliss: and Other Stories (1920)
  • The Garden Party: and Other Stories (1922)
  • The Doves' Nest: and Other Stories (1923)
  • The Montana Stories (1923) (Republished in 2001 by Persephone Books)
  • Poems (1923)
  • Something Childish (1924), first published in the US as The Little Girl
  • The Journal of Katherine Mansfield (1927, 1954)
  • The Letters of Katherine Mansfield (2 vols., 1928–29)
  • The Aloe (1930)
  • Novels and Novelists (1930)
  • The Short Stories of Katherine Mansfield (1937)
  • The Scrapbook of Katherine Mansfield (1939)
  • The Collected Stories of Katherine Mansfield (1945, 1974)
  • Letters to John Middleton Murry, 1913–1922 (1951)
  • The Urewera Notebook (1978)
  • The Critical Writings of Katherine Mansfield (1987)
  • The Collected Letters of Katherine Mansfield (4 vols., 1984–96)
    • Vol. 1, 1903–17
    • Vol. 2, 1918–19
    • Vol. 3, 1919–20
    • Vol. 4, 1920–21
  • The Katherine Mansfield Notebooks (2 vols., 1997)

Short Stories
  • "The Tiredness of Rosabel" (1908)
  • "Germans at Meat" (1911 from in a German Pension)
  • "A Birthday" (1911 from in a German Pension)
  • "A Blaze" (1911 from in a German Pension)
  • "The Woman at the Store" (1912)
  • "How Pearl Button Was Kidnapped" (1912)
  • "Millie" (1913)
  • "Something Childish But Very Natural" (1914)
  • "The Little Governess" (1915)
  • "Pictures" (1917)
  • "Feuille d'Album" (1917)
  • "A Dill Pickle" (1917)
  • "Je ne parle pas français" (1917)
  • "Prelude" (1918)
  • "A Suburban Fairy Tale" (1919)
  • "An Indiscreet Journey" (1920)
  • "Bliss" (1918)
  • "Miss Brill" (1920)
  • "Psychology" (1920)
  • "Revelations" (1920)
  • "Sun and Moon" (1920)
  • "The Wind Blows" (1920)
  • "Mr Reginald Peacock's Day" (1920)
  • "Marriage à la Mode" (1921)
  • "The Voyage" (1921)
  • "Her First Ball" (1921)
  • "Mr and Mrs Dove" (1921)
  • "Life of Ma Parker" (1921)
  • "The Daughters of the Late Colonel" (1921)
  • "The Little Girl" (1912)
  • "The Stranger" (1921)
  • "The Man Without a Temperament" (1921)
  • "At The Bay" (1922)
  • "The Fly" (1922)
  • "The Garden Party" (1922)
  • "A Cup of Tea" (1922)
  • "The Doll's House" (1922)
  • "A Married Man's Story" (1923)
  • "The Canary" (1923)
  • "The Singing Lesson"
  • "An Ideal Family"
  • "Sixpence"
  • "The Apple-Tree"

Films about Katherine Mansfield
  • A Picture of Katherine Mansfield (1973), TV Series, starring Vanessa Redgrave
  • Leave All Fair (1985), directed by John Reid
  • A Portrait of Katherine Mansfield: The Woman and the Writer (1987), directed by Julienne Stretton
  • The Life and Writings of Katherine Mansfield (2006), directed by Stacy Waymack Thornton
  • Bliss (2011), produced by Michel Fantl

Biographies of Katherine Mansfiel
  • The Life of Katherine Mansfield, Anthony Alpers, Oxford University Press, 1980
  • Katherine Mansfield: A Darker View, Jeffrey Meyers, Cooper Square Publishers, 2002
  • Katherine Mansfield: The Story-Teller, a biography by Royal Literary Fund Fellow Kathleen Jones, Viking Penguin, 2010
  • Kass a theatrical biografie, Maura Del Serra, "Astolfo", 2, 1998, pp. 47–60

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